Common Types of Roofing Materials

Asphalt shingles: Also known as composite shingles, these are the most widely used roofing materials, and are an especially popular option for homeowners. Individual pieces overhang each other to form a pattern covering the entirety of the roof. The shingles are composed of a durable fiberglass base and topped with fine asphalt-based granules. When properly maintained, the combination proves very effective at preventing water from penetrating a roof.

Rolled roofing: When aesthetic value and long-term durability matter slightly less, rolled roofing is good option for its easier and lower-cost installation. Composed primarily of asphalt, this lighter-weight material is assembled in 100 foot rolls. Panels of rolled roofing are typically 36 inches wide and they work effectively at holding back moisture on buildings with a lower slope.

Metal roofing: Though often seen atop large commercial buildings, the use of metal roofing has become more common on homes. These aluminum-based materials are a more costly option, but generally compliment higher valued houses nicely. Metal roofing is extremely effective at holding back water, makes entry for animals nearly impossible, and offers the bonus of being fireproof.

Tile: No roof choice better captures the eye than the elegance of ceramic tile. Assembled in the traditional Spanish style, these tiles are hung with nails in overlapping parallel rows from the roof’s structure. Additional rows are placed where different pitches meet and such patterns provide houses with a desirable and distinct look. Tile roofing can be composed of other organic materials, including slate, wood, and even glass.